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Here's the Correct Technique to Swim a Perfect Backstroke

Sheetal Mandora Apr 17, 2019
For strengthening and toning the muscles without straining your neck and back, the backstroke technique is quite useful. Read on to find out how to master it.

Positioning your Body

First things first, the starting position will be in the water, with the face outside the water. The starting position should be perfectly measured and delivered. If you make the mistake of sitting up in the water, your hips will drop too much, and your body will create unnecessary resistance. This error will slow you down, and make your tired very quickly.
Swim with your body being as close to the surface (water) as possible, and make the transition from the starting position to swimming as if you are lying flat on your bed (with a pillow underneath your head). Push your stomach out and up toward the ceiling while placing the midriff as flat as you can.

Breathing Pattern

Since your head will be propped up, out of the water, breathing will become fairly comfortable. The reason it's comfortable because other swimming techniques require more effort.
In the beginning, understanding the breathing pattern for the backstroke will be an issue, but with time you will definitely become consistent, and breathe evenly.

Head Movement

Once you leap from your starting position, the head will lead the way and support you on the water. Relax your neck as you propel through the water, which will in turn keep the head steady without jerking it too much.
A common mistake (which you should be aware of at this point) is that most beginners keep the head too high up from the water. This mistake can occur when your head is too far backwards in hopes of keeping water away from your face.

Arms Movement

You raise the right arm and guide with the thumb till the arm reaches the same level as the shoulder. Turn the right palm outward so that the little finger guides the entire movement.
While the right arm is doing its job, your left hand is extending to your side, leading the way, and helping you balance the entire body.
The little finger of your right arm goes in the water first, taking the entire arm inside with it, you will bend the right elbow, flex your left arm's wrist and push your left hand towards the feet.
Keep pushing with your left hand till the elbow is straight again and being lifted to mimic what the right arm just did. Follow the same technique as the right arm, and begin another stroke.

Legs and Feet Movement

As the arms provide immense power during each stroke, the legs contribute for forward momentum. Keep your legs together, as close as possible throughout the entire stroke. You will perform long but shallow kicks initiated from your hips.
Avoid kicking from the knees, always place them bent, and under the water. Your ankles should not be flexed, instead they are always floppy because you will have to turn your feet inward to gain the momentum.