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All You Ever Wanted to Know About the Basic Swimming Strokes

Basic Swimming Strokes
Swimming is not only a fun activity, but also a way in which one can stay fit. For those who want to learn swimming, knowledge of the basic strokes is a must. Here's more.
SportsAspire Staff
Last Updated: Nov 19, 2018
Swimmer Swimming Butterfly
The water is your friend. You don't have to fight with water, just share the same spirit as the water, and it will help you move.
Aleksandr Popov
Butterfly Stroke In Swimming Pool
There are four basic strokes in swimming: freestyle, backstroke, breaststroke, and butterfly stroke.
Young man swimming the front crawl in a pool
Out of these, the freestyle stroke is the most energy-saving technique, provided you do it the right way. Moreover, the relaxation and comfort one gets is just amazing. It is also the fastest of all swimming styles.
Different Types of Swimming Strokes
Freestyle
Female Freestyle Swimmer
Herein, the body is posed in a manner where the head and the torso are pointed in the downward direction of the swimming pool, and the legs kick constantly up and down to move ahead.
Woman Swimming Freestyle
Another aspect of freestyle is the coordination of the hands. When one hand is raised and brought back into the water, the other hand should coordinate underneath the water to help move ahead.
Man Swimming Freestyle
With all these hand gestures, the head movement is important too. The head must tilt the same side that the body tilts. This is necessary for the swimmer to inhale proper amount of air while swimming.
Breaststroke
Swimming breaststroke
When you enter the pool, stand still, catch a little momentum to propel your body in the forward direction, and start flinging both arms and legs in the outward direction smoothly.
Boy Swimming Breaststroke Style
The whole body should form a shape of a 'T'. The arms should bend at the elbows, and the front of the arms must lapse below the water level along with the chin at the surface. By being positioned in this manner, you then have to stretch your arms out in the forward direction, and legs in the backward.
Swimming Breaststroke In Pool
This breaststroke technique helps raise the head and torso above the water level, and inhale air at regular intervals.
Butterfly Stroke
Man swimming
As striking and difficult this swimming stroke happens to be, it is far more graceful to watch too.
Woman Swimming Butterfly Stroke In Pool
The movement of the arms and legs is supposed to be in an upward and downward motion. The arms are brought forward, and then pulled back and brought up once again.
Swimmer Swimming Butterfly Style
Whilst these actions are performed, the legs too are kicked in a powerful motion, something like the dolphin style.
Backstroke
Backstroke swimmer
This swimming style is kind of difficult to perform. It is best left for the professional swimmers, or rather those who have perfected the freestyle very well.
Young Athlete Swimming Backstroke
As the name suggests, the swimmer is supposed to lie on his back, and move his arms and legs in a similar style like the freestyle.
Young Man Swimming Backstroke
Although it's an extremely relaxing stroke, almost giving you the effect of being on a beach feeling nice and relaxed, with the backstroke, the navigation of swimming around in the pool gets a bit complex.
Backstroke Swimming
But yes, there's something to balance it out―the factor of breathing doesn't become a hassle. So all you have to do is lie on your back, try to float your body without sinking in the water, and pedal as if you are riding a bicycle.
Breaststroke Swimming
On a parting note, remember that practice is the key to success.