Ancient Sports Resembling Soccer
An ancient text on display at the Munich Ethnological Museum in Germany, refers to a sport resembling soccer being played in China and Japan in 50 BC. Documented ancient texts also mention about a similar sport, known as the Cuju, being played in China somewhere between 476 - 221 BC. The hair filled ball used in this sport was made from leather.
In the 14th century, King Edward of England passed a law threatening to imprison any person who played the soccer-like sport that was slowly gaining prominence in the country. The king's proclamation stated the following ...
For as much as there is a great noise in the city caused by hustling over large balls, from which many evils may arise, which God forbid, we command and forbid on behalf of the King, on pain of imprisonment, such game to be used in the city future.
The sport received similar treatment from the successors of King Edward. However, it was this prohibition in Europe that paved the way for its spread to other continents, including Asia and the Americas.
Invention of Modern Soccer
Owing to its inexpensiveness, it didn't take much time for soccer to eradicate the class barrier and become a sport of the masses. The problem cropped up when each team came up with their own set of rules. In 1863, the Football Association (FA) was formed to tackle this problem.
The Association came up with a set of rules, which were framed by mutual agreement among all the clubs. This development brought soccer out of schools and colleges. Now, even the working class started taking keen interest in it.
The year 1871 marked the introduction of the Football Association Cup (FA Cup). The competition gained vast popularity in England, which led to more clubs joining the Association and adoption of new rules, thus forming the basis of soccer or football as it is being played today.