Ice hockey, as we all know, is hockey played on ice wearing skates. There is a puck instead of a ball that is used in field hockey. As it is ice hockey, it is pretty clear that the roots of this sport lies in a region where snow and formation of ice beds was a regular happening. Thus, the history of ice hockey starts from Canada.
Timeline of Ice Hockey
March 3, 1875
Montreal, Canada, was the place where ice hockey was played for the first time as an indoor game. James Creighton, and several other McGill University students, were a part of this game. This match-up involved 2 nine-player teams.
An artificial ice hockey rink was built in Chelsea, London, in England. It was named 'Glaciarium', and was mechanically refrigerated.
The initial rules of the modern form of ice hockey were laid down by J.G.A. Creighton, and then eventually, they were published in the Montreal Gazette.
1888 to 1892
There were two important things which happened in this period. First, the Amateur Hockey Association of Canada was formed, and second, the first-ever women's hockey game was played in Ottawa.
The Dominion Hockey Challenge was introduced, which was later commonly known as the 'Stanley Cup'. This was a trophy donated by Frederick Arthur, Lord Stanley of Preston, and the Governor-General of Canada.
This was the year when the first artificial ice rink was opened in Baltimore.
The International Hockey League was formed by 5 teams in the USA and Ontario. This was the first-ever hockey league, and it lasted for 3 seasons.
Earlier, a 60-minute game, in this year, it was segregated into three 20-minute sessions.
Ice hockey was played at the Summer Olympics. It was later declared as the first World Ice Hockey Championship, and was won by Canada.
The first hockey broadcast for radio was proposed for a game between teams from Toronto and Kitchener.
Ice hockey gained a place where it rightly deserved―the Winter Olympics. This was a major landmark in the history of ice hockey.
In Canada, the broadcast of hockey makes its television debut, in the show 'Hockey Night', that was produced by CBC television.
This was the first time a goalie mask was introduced in ice hockey.
Edmonton Oilers, Quebec Nordiques, Hartford Whalers, and Winnipeg Jets join the National Hockey League, leaving the National Hockey Association in doldrums.
USA beat USSR in the semifinal, and then went on to beat Finland in the final for the Olympic gold medal. This was touted as a 'Miracle on Ice', and is one of the most memorable facts about ice hockey, especially for the US.
Women power was experienced, as the first Women's World Hockey Championship took place, and was won by Canada (once again, it was Canada!).
The World Junior Hockey Championship was won by USA for the first time. But, to add another feather to their cap, Canada won yet another World Hockey Champions title. They went on to beat Finland.
California-based Anaheim Ducks become the first team from the US to win the Stanley Cup. Again a significant juncture in ice hockey history.